The interviews with all the senior TPN pharmacy aspen were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis was used to test the interviews’ transcripts.27 The transcripts were read repeatedly, and the emerging topics were identified and categorized as themes and sub-themes. A qualitative approach has been increasingly used in health services research in pharmacy for clear objectives, for example, to look at different aspects of professional practice from groups of practitioners.25 The identified themes in this study were used to explore and describe pharmacists’ perspectives and experiences. To improve the rigor of qualitative data analysis28, the two authors carried out an independent assessment of the transcripts to recognize the exact topics.
Then they discussed the emerging themes following The initial overview of their transcripts. Any disagreements were negotiated, and differences were reconciled from the proposed topics before an agreed coding frame was set. After the two authors independently researched the transcripts with the specified programming frame. They evaluated all of the coding, reconciled differences, and consented to the final presentation of data. Attempts to ensure that the trustworthiness of these data included the transparent process of investigation, the engagement of both authors who read and contrasted thoughts regarding the transcripts, and also the search for disconfirming evidence in the inquiry.
Quotes that support understanding of these themes/sub-themes Were identified. The quotes were characterized by employing a code: P and also a number (1-7) representing a participant by a particular hospital.
Six of these pharmacists were graduates from institutions outside Kuwait. The simple qualification of pharmacists has been a BPharm degree.
Just two Pharmacists had post-graduate degrees. Table 3 exemplifies pharmacists’ clinic site faculties and their scope of practice concerning TPN at each hospital.
The Number of pharmacists operating at All of the TPN units Was limited. The single exception has been noticed in the individual hospital included within this study by which eight pharmacists were involved from the manual of TPN formulas.
The Number of pharmacy technicians included with TPN providers Was minimal throughout the hospitals.